A research paper blends your own ideas and information from expert sources it is not a series of direct quotations strung together a common complaint of faculty is that students use too many direct quotes in their papers instead of formulating their own ideas about the paper topic and using quotes rather sparingly as one. Later time in your paper, but was interrupted by another source, you write a shortened version of the note example: ²hahn, “joseph will perfect,” 63 a block format is required for quotations longer than 8 lines or 100 words or more you may choose, however, to block a direct quotation less than 100 words for style sake. (ellipses are used before the quoted words because the sentence written is actually part of a longer quote, and the original beginning words are omitted) in writing, using ellipses to shorten a long quotation is acceptable as long as the meaning of the quotation is not changed consider the following example: example. Follow these steps to use direct quotes in your assignments copy the exact words from the original source use quotation marks ' ' at the beginning and end of the copied text reference with appropriate author, year and page number information example of direct quote using harvard intext referencing. How to make a quote flow in an essay : english & writing tips - duration: 1:45 ehoweducation 32,146 views · 1:45 ellipses | punctuation | khan academy - duration: 5:12 khan academy 39,845 views · 5:12 · how to write a research paper fast - research paper writing tips - duration: 5:16.
Quote sparingly ninety-nine percent of your paper should be in your own words quotes help your argument, but cannot substitute for your own original work always cite your source first, words another way to use ellipses is to shorten a longer quote that includes multiple sentences if material you want to delete comes. Effectively using direct quotations writer's web (printable version here) use a quotation: to emphasize a point you've made to provide an example to show an author's intention to show how historical figures spoke or thought short quotations: use quotation marks make sentences smoothly flow from your words to those. Papers and publications within the social sciences, business and nursing typically use apa documentation format to acknowledge sources as explained in the for instance, the original quote, the boy in the blue suit went home, could be shortened like this: the boy went home if your omission. To avoid plagiarism, you should both reference the source and clearly present the words as a quotation how do i present quotations there are two methods to indicate that you are quoting someone how do i alter or shorten quotations explain its meaning, significance or purpose in your essay, how it supports your.
Before you submit a final draft of a paper, you should double check all quotations to make sure they are accurate above, i state that you should never make changes to quotations without indicating the changes actually, there is one exception and two ways in which you can make changes as long as you indicate the. In your notes, always mark someone else's words with a big q, for quote, or use big quotation marks indicate in your notes which ideas are taken from your paper follows quote no more material than is necessary if a short phrase from a source will suffice, don't quote an entire paragraph to shorten. Direct quotes when citing a direct quote you need to include the page number ( or the word 'online', if you've used an online source), in the citation for more complex direct quotes, examples are provided under the specific sources within the mmu harvard section of this guide:.
Ellipses an ellipsis is a set of three periods ( ) indicating an omission each period should have a single space on either side, except when adjacent to a quotation mark, in which case there should be no space. If you aren't sure if a fact, opinion, or idea should be acknowledged, err on the side of caution and cite it (it's better to be safe than sorry) back to top summarizing when you summarize information, you find the main ideas in an article, essay, report, or other document, and rephrase them you shorten ( condense) the. Direct quotations can vary in length quotes fewer than 40 words should be incorporated into the text of the paragraph quotes comprised of 40 or more words, need to be formatted in block quotes (see apa, section 603, pp170 - 173 and apa style blog, how to cite direct quotations or apa style blog,.
What punctuation should be used when words are omitted from a direct quotation dot com dot org dot edu dots abound one purpose a dot serves is to separate information into easily-interpreted units: a website name from its extension, dollars from cents, or one idea from another in written text almost. You can also shorten a quote for example, you might replace a redundant or irrelevant part of a quote with ellipses () however, make sure not to take a quote out only quote or paraphrase the authors of papers that are authoritative in their field of research you can find a list of important journals here. Material that helps you make a point in your paper think of what your own words would be if you were telling someone who's unfamiliar with your subject ( your mother, your brother, a friend) what the original source said remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase ,.